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Introduction: This section of Illusions and Delusions covers why atheism is a logically sound position. These articles and/or essays are introductory, they may or may not be conclusive. If you feel anything is missing that’s good because they are here to make you think. We did our best to include links to other media for further exploration (books, articles, videos…etc.). Also, the comments on these on articles are closed because the section of the site is educational and informative and is not going to be used as a forum for debate on atheism and theism, there are plenty of chat rooms and forums for that (some links will be posted here in the future).
Definition of God: What or who is God? Can we even know God?In this section you will also find:
- Epistemology: The study of knowledge the nature and justification of knowledge, the extent of its validity and its restrictions.
- Theological noncognitivism: This is the philosophical position that God is inherently unknowable. Otherwise known as ignosticism this position holds that God, as Craig Lee Duckett explains, is: “…only a word defined into existence by engaging attributes that either (1) do not exist beyond the interior realm of language, or (2) are cognitively unsound, incompatible, inconsistent, and contradictory, thereby creating cognitive dissonance and the conjuring of denial. What does this mean exactly? Simply put, “God”—like “Heaven” and “Hell” and “Soul” and “Spirit”—is constructed entirely of definitions without interactive or measurable counterparts in the ‘real world’ making such definitions inherently meaningless.” (Emphasis ours).
The Burden Of Proof: This brief article explains why When a person makes a claim wthey are responsible for providing sufficient evidence if asked.
The Cosmological Argument: Also known as the First Cause Argument. Inspired by Aristotle’s idea of ‘Prime Mover’ and later made famous by Thomas Aquinas. The Cosmological Argument holds that everything has a cause going all the way back to a certain point, sooner or later one reaches the cause of all causes which theologians claim must be God.
- The Modal Cosmological Argument
- Kalam Cosmological Argument
- Quantum Cosmology
Design: A popular position that holds that the universe has an apparent design and so therefore must have a designer. Here we will cover two very famous versions of this argument:
- The Watchmaker Argument
- The Fine Tuning Argument.
Argument From Evil: This is the argument that holds that the existence of suffering is not consist with a loving, omnipotent being and has three parts:
- Problem of Natural Evil
- The Freewill Argument: The idea that human beings have the ability to choose between right and wrong. The existence of free will makes human beings responsible for any suffering that they create.
Pascal’s Wagar: Blaise Pascal argued that a belief is in God is the wiser position because of the guarantee of reward in the afterlife.
Argument from the Bible/Koran/…etc.
Evil and Non-belief
Divine Command Theory
- Godelian Ontological Arguments
Argument from Confusion
Argument from Divine Hiddenness and Nonbelief
Intrinsic probability of simple hypotheses
The Argument from Consciousness